Gottlieb Daimler House in Schorndorf

Mercedes-Benz, Gottlieb Daimler House in SchorndorfGottlieb Daimler was born in Schorndorf on 17 March 1834. The Daimler family, also called Deumler or Teimbler, had for two hundred years been living in Schorndorf which had some 4,000 inhabitants at the time Daimler was born.

The Daimlers had been master bakers for generations. Since 1787, at the latest, the Daimler bakery had been in number 7 “Höllgasse” or “Helle Gasse” (“light alley”). Gottlieb’s father Johannes Deumler took over the family business, which meanwhile included a wine parlour, in 1825. Johannes and his wife Wilhelmine Friederike née Fensterer, a dyer’s daughter, had four sons: Johannes (born 1832), Gottlieb Wilhelm (born 1834), Karl Wilhelm (born 1840) and Christian Albrecht (born 1845). A trader in bread and wine, Daimler’s father was not a rich man, but he nevertheless gave young Gottlieb a sound education, first at the local Latin school, then at the Royal trade school in Stuttgart. Gottlieb Daimler acquired manual skills as a gunsmith’s apprentice; his journeyman’s piece was a double-barrelled, elaborately decorated pistol.Mercedes-Benz, Gottlieb Daimler House in Schorndorf

Gottlieb Daimler left Schorndorf in 1853 to return only infrequently. He had attracted the attention of Ferdinand Steinbeis, promoter of industrialisation in Württemberg, who helped him find a job as an industrial worker in Graffenstaden near Strasbourg in preparation of his studies at a Polytechnic. The business in Höllgasse was run by his brothers Johannes and Karl Wilhelm. Financial difficulties forced Karl Wilhelm’s widow to sell the house in 1897.

In 1979, the house where one of the company’s founders had been born was acquired by Daimler-Benz AG. To restore the house to its original condition to the greatest possible extent, the brickwork had to be replaced, while the wooden structures and cellars could be retained. With the exception of minor changes at the back of the house, the latter reflects the original layout of the rooms. On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Gottlieb Daimler’s death on 6 March 2000, the exhibition on the ground floor was renewed.

Daimler Riding Car model

Gottlieb Daimler’s notebook on his journey to Russia in 1881 reveals a sensitive observer and a man well versed in the arts. His extensive journeys and the limited transport opportunities prompted Daimler to develop a vision that was to change the world: “I detested the overcrowded trains in the summer and the limitations imposed by the railways, which made me think of independent driving.”

Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler, 1834 to 1900

1834                       Born in Schorndorf on 17 March

1848-1852            Apprenticeship with a gunsmith

1853-1857            Practical mechanical engineering training in Graffenstaden in Alsace

1857-1859            Mechanical engineering studies at the Stuttgart Polytechnic

1859                       Return to previous job in Graffenstaden

1861-1863            Time spent in England; work at Messrs. Straub, a mechanical engineering company in Geislingen

End of 1863          Technical manager of the mechanical engineering factory of the “Bruderhaus” (Reutlingen House of Brothers)

1867                       Wedding with Emma Kurtz

Dec. 1868             Plant manager of Carlsruhe Mechanical Engineering Company

1872                      Technical manager of Deutz Gas Engine Factory

Sept. to Dec. 1881   Journey to Russia on behalf of Deutz

1882                     Withdrawal from Deutz Gas Engine Factory,
move to Cannstatt and start of work in the greenhouse on his estate

1883                     The first high-speed engine is operational

1885                     The second engine, nicknamed the “grandfather clock,” is granted German Imperial patent no. 34926
First outing with the “riding car”, the world’s first motorcycle

1887                     Engine production in a factory on Seelberg

1889                     Two-cylinder V-engine, wire-wheel car and four-speed gear-only transmission
Death of Emma Daimler

1890                     Foundation of Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG)

1890-1894            Deputy Member of the supervisory board of DMG

1892                     Work with Wilhelm Maybach at the Hotel Hermann

1893                     Wedding with his second wife, Lina Hartmann

1894                     Withdrawal from DMG

1895                     Daimler re-joins DMG as chairman of the supervisory board

1900                     Gottlieb Daimler dies in Cannstatt on 8 March

Gottlieb Daimler House:
Höllgasse 7, 73614 Schorndorf (Germany)

Opening hours:
Tuesday to Friday from 2 p.m. until 5p.m.
Saturday, Sunday, Holidays from 11 a.m. until 5 p.m.

Free entrance.

Contact and reservations:
Mercedes-Benz Classic Customer Center
Monday to Sunday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. under
telephone +49(0)711 / 17 – 30 000, e-mail to classic@daimler.com or visit www.mercedes-benz-classic.com

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